Birders hold this truth to be self-evident: the best way to take a hike is with a pair of binoculars at the ready. The joy of a Northern Flicker’s undulating flight between branches, bright salmon feathers flashing under wing; the inquisitive tilt of the Northern Pygmy Owl’s head, eyes piercing into your very soul; the American Dipper darting in and out of roiling Merced River rapids, singing melodiously; these are the moments that make birding one of the most popular and fastest-growing forms of ecotourism for all ages.
Although small, Northern Pygmy Owls are fierce predators and will take on prey three times its size.
Yes, for all ages. Though one of the lowest impact/highest reward forms of outdoor recreation going, birdwatching no longer remains the exclusive domain of vested elders. It now considers “yubbies” as one of its fastest growing sectors: young urban birders. And just as birding spans generations, Mariposa County encompasses a mighty range of Sierra topography and biodiversity. Alpine peaks transition to rolling foothills that flatten to grassy plains enabling nearly 300 species of birds to thrive here. The diversity of habitat attracts a teeming range of feathered mountaineers, including resident and migratory species. The Pacific Flyway is one of four routes in North America used by birds for their annual migrations, and Mariposa County is one of the most important stopovers on the flyway, streaming a constantly refreshing cast of migratory birds to view.
Because birders famously love their lists and field guides, here is a quick reference to avifauna hot spots for Mariposa County travelers and took a look at our map below to help you navigate:
Considered by many as one of the finest birding routes in California, White Rock Road laces through the foothills that mark the transition between the Central Valley and High Sierra. Rich grasslands, vernal pools and Mariposa Creek run along White Rock Road, affording bountiful views of riparian-habitat birds including Curlews, grassland sparrow species, even the uncommon Phainopepla, as well as majestic raptors including myriad species of hawks, eagles and falcons. The best place to access White Rock Road is near the Mariposa Fairgrounds, where it spurs off Highway 49 to run south towards Yaqui Gulch and Catheys Valley. Take care when seeking turnouts to birdwatch on this two-lane country road.
The Phainopepla is uncommon in the Yosemite Mariposa County region. The name comes from the Greek for “shining robe” – a suitable name for such a beautiful bird.
Located near Coulterville in northwest Mariposa County, the Bean Creek Preserve is a wildflower-dappled mountain meadow nestled at approximately 3,000 ft. Bean Creek burbles through the property, collecting at a small pond on the southern end, and eventually flows into the North Fork of the Merced River. The meadow offers a refuge for raptors, songbirds, and reclusive Great Gray Owls. Fun fact: John Muir passed through the property in the mid-1800s on his epic walk from the San Francisco Bay to Yosemite Valley.
These raucous and brilliant birds are common in Yosemite Valley. Fun fact: their feathers are grey, but refract light from the sky so that they look a brilliant blue.
The Feliciana Mountain Limestone Salamander Preserve is located along the rim of the Merced River Canyon, near the town of Briceburg on Highway 140. This 40-acre preserve is primarily native chaparral with a variety of native plant, wildflower and tree species that support a diverse array of avian activity, including Dusky flycatchers, Canyon Wrens, Cedar Waxwings and numerous raptors. In addition, the preserve provides essential habitat for the limestone salamander, a species found only in the Merced River Canyon.
Yosemite National Park is iconic for its torrential waterfalls and soaring granite monoliths, but there’s more to the park than spectacular hydrology and geology. The park’s biodiversity of plant and animal life extends to winged beasts, with more than 250 bird species present at various times during the year. Yosemite’s extreme elevation gradient (2,000 feet near El Portal to more than 13,000 feet at its highest peaks), and corresponding habitat supports this diverse flying circus of birds.
Visitors to Yosemite National Park can see a rotating cast of feathered players depending on the time of year and habitat. Regular denizens of the Yosemite Sierra include the Steller’s Jay, Acorn Woodpecker, Common Raven, and Mountain Chickadee, Western Tanager, Great Gray Owl, Peregrine Falcon, and Northern Goshawk. If there’s an “iconic” Yosemite bird, perhaps it is the American Dipper, also know as the water ouzel. The indomitable spirit of this small, river-loving bird enchanted fellow mountaineer John Muir:
Not only does this bird sing a beautiful song, but it also dives in rapids and waterfalls, even in the cold of winter, and can be found in the Sierra Nevada year-round… Among all the mountain birds, none has cheered me so much in my lonely wanderings, and none so unfailingly. — The Mountains of California John Muir, 1894
Look for American Dippers close to rushing rivers and streams where they dive to catch their food underwater.
Sonora Pass and Ebbetts Pass provide gorgeous mountain scenery on the way to California’s east side. Start in Yosemite Mariposa County and hit some of these amazing stops along the way.
Interesting and scenic trails continue beyond the Yosemite National Park border. If you’re looking for quiet trails and the path less traveled, be sure to explore some of these hiking trails just outside Yosemite.
Discover some golden opportunities for camping just outside Yosemite National Park in Yosemite Mariposa County. Options that range from quiet lake-side settings to spacious national forest sites are sure to make you one happy camper.